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Thảo luận trong 'Mercedes-Benz' bắt đầu bởi musiclife, 20/2/11.

  1. 20/2/11 lúc 11:30 #1
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    Contents [hide]
    1 W202 (1993–2000)
    1.1 Engines
    1.2 Transmissions
    1.3 Safety
    1.3.1 Crash test ratings
    1.4 T-Model
    1.5 US-spec models
    1.6 Restyling
    1.7 AMG models
    2 W203 (2000–2007)
    2.1 Minor model update
    2.2 Crash test ratings
    2.3 Reliability
    2.4 AMG models
    3 W204 (2007–present)
    3.1 2011 Facelift
    3.2 2012 Coupe re-introduced to lineup
    3.3 Trim levels
    3.4 Powertrain
    3.5 AMG model
    3.6 C-Class crash test ratings
    3.7 Awards
    4 Concepts
    5 Production and sales
    6 Notes
    7 References
    8 External links

    W202 (1993–2000)


    Production 1993–2000
    Assembly Bremen, Germany
    Sindelfingen, Germany
    East London, South Africa
    6th of October, Egypt[5]
    Body style(s) 4-door sedan
    5-door wagon
    Platform Mercedes-Benz W202
    1.8–2.3 L M111 I4
    2.8 L M104 I6
    2.4–2.8 L M112 V6
    3.6 L M104 I6 AMG
    4.3–5.4 L M113 V8 AMG
    2.0–2.2 L OM604 Diesel I4
    2.2 L OM611 Diesel I4
    2.5 L OM605 Diesel I5
    Transmission(s) 5-speed manual
    4-speed automatic
    5-speed automatic
    Wheelbase 2,670 mm (105.1 in)
    Length 4,505 mm (177.4 in)
    Width 1,720 mm (67.7 in)
    Height 1,425 mm (56.1 in)
    Related Mercedes-Benz C208
    The first generation W202 C-Class was introduced in 1993, as a replacement for the Mercedes-Benz W201 (190), and proved successful among high-end car buyers. The C-Class sedan was the company's entry-level model up until 1997, when Mercedes launched the A-Class. Styling themes were carried over from the previous W201 series, but the new series had a smoother and rounder design than the previous generation of compact Mercedes.
    On its debut, the C-Class was the only Mercedes model with a complete lineup of multi-valve engines. The new family of four cylinder petrol units, called M111, debuted in the C 180 (1.8 L, 127 PS (93 kW; 125 hp)), C 200 (2.0 L, 136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp) and C 220 (2.2 L, 150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp), the only four cylinder of the range sold in the U.S.). In 1996 the C 220 was replaced by the C 230, enlarged to 2.3 L displacement but with the same output, although with torque increased to 220 N·m (162 lb·ft). The C 280 was the high end model of the class, with a four-valve-per-cylinder straight-6 engine, capable of reaching 193 PS (142 kW; 190 hp).
    Four-cylinder diesel models were equipped with the same OM601 engine of the 190, in the 2.0 L and 2.2 L versions. Many of these diesel variants were sold as taxis, due to their low fuel consumption and strong reliability. There were also more powerful OM605 five cylinder engines which were available in naturally aspired (C 250 D) and turbocharged (C 250 TD) forms. The turbodiesel was introduced in 1995 and is one of the novelties in the engine range available from this year. The most important was a supercharged version of the M111 straight four, the C 230 Kompressor, using a Roots-type supercharger to generate 193 PS (142 kW; 190 hp) at 5300 rpm: Mercedes-Benz reused supercharger technology after 50 years. Due to the tax law in Italy and Portugal, models in those countries featured a supercharged version of the smaller 2.0 L (C 200 Kompressor), which had a similar output of the C 230 Kompressor.
    With the restyling in 1997, a lot of things changed under the hood of the Baby Benz. The most important innovation was the OM611, equipped with a common rail direct injection system (co-developed with Bosch). The new model was named C 220 CDI, and had an improvement in output of 30 PS (22 kW; 30 hp) compared with the C 220 Diesel, better fuel average and lower emissions. Another revolution occurred to the six cylinder engines, as the legendary straight six were replaced by an all new family of V6, the M112. The new engines featured SOHC heads instead of the previous DOHC, three valves per cylinder instead of four, and twin sparkplugs. The four-cylinder C 230 was replaced by the C 240 (2.4 L) and the I6 C 280 by the V6 C 280. These changes theoretically reduced emissions, and improved fuel consumption, without sacrificing power (the C 280 in fact had a slight 4 PS (3 kW; 4 hp) increase with the change).
    In the last four years of production, the W202 received a few changes in the choices of engine. In 1998, a less powerful version of the 2.2 L turbodiesel was added, called C 200 CDI, which replaced the C 220 Diesel. In 2000, the C 200 Kompressor T's output was cut to 163 PS (120 kW; 161 hp), the C 240 T displacement was enlarged from 2.4 L to 2.6 L, but output remained at 170 PS (130 kW; 170 hp) and the C 180 got a 2.0 L engine.


    Chỉnh sửa cuối: 21/2/11
  2. 21/2/11 lúc 19:08 #2
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    W203 (2000–2007)

    he second generation C-Class was introduced in 2000, with a sportier look than the previous generations, with a steeper front-end and shorter rear-end. The styling cues were similar to that of the W220 S-Class. The sedan debuted with a range of straight-four and V6 gasoline engines and straight-four and straight-five Diesels. Most of the engines were carried over from the W202, but the C 320 was exclusive, offering 218 PS (160 kW; 215 hp), also the C240 now had 2597 cc but output was unchanged at 170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp). The diesels now featured common rail direct injection and variable geometry turbochargers. Six-speed manual gearboxes were now standard for nearly the entire range (except the C320). For the first time, the number designations were no longer equivalent to the engine displacement, more specifically in the C 200 (1.8 L), C 240 (2.6 L) and C 200 CDI (2.2 L). In 2001, Mercedes increased the range, with the introduction of the new T-Model station wagon and Sportcoupé.[10][11][12] The Sportcoupé was a three-door liftback made to counter the BMW Compact, but like its competitor, it proved unpopular with the younger buyers it was targeted towards, due to high prices compared to the lower entry-level models it was competing against, and unfavorable exchange rates. Although removed from the North American lineup in 2005, replaced by the Mercedes-Benz B-Class in Canada, it continued on sale in other markets. From October 2000 until 2007, a total of 230,000 Sportcoupés were built in the Bremen factory and in Brazil.[13]
    In 2003, a new family of supercharged four cylinder engines debuted, dubbed M271. All of them used the same 1.8 L engine, with different designations according to horsepower levels, including a version powered by natural gas. The 193 PS (142 kW; 190 hp) C230K was initially available only in the Sportcoupé (replacing the 2.3 L engine in 2002 and older models). The newer 1.8 L was less powerful but smoother and more efficient than the older 2.3 L (192 PS (141 kW; 189 hp) compared to 193 PS (142 kW; 190 hp). 4MATIC four wheel drive versions were also offered for the C240 and C320.
    [​IMG] [​IMG]
    2000–2004 Mercedes-Benz C 200 Kompressor (W203) Elegance sedan (Australia)

    [​IMG] [​IMG]
    Pre-update W203 (background) with updated model (foreground)

    [​IMG] [​IMG]
    W203 wagon

    [​IMG] [​IMG]
    2001–2004 Mercedes-Benz C 200 Kompressor (CL203) coupe (Australia)

    [edit] Minor model update

    The C-Class was refreshed in early 2004. In this year, the interior styling was changed in all three body styles. The instrument cluster was revised to display a full set of analog gauges, as well as a full revision of the center console and audio systems. A fully integrated iPod connection kit was available as was a better bluetooth phone system made opional. New electrics made it more reliable after the "Modellpflege" (model revision.) For the USA market C230, the "sport" package was made standard which included AMG edition bumpers, side skirts and front 4 caliper crossdrilled brakes from the C55. Widebody rear suspension with sport tuned springs and dampers completed the package for 2005.[12]
    In 2006, Mercedes softened the ride some due to complaints that the 2005 models with the standard AMG edition springs/dampers were too stiff for standard issue. Different taillights were added to the Sportcoupé.
    Several all-new M272 and OM642 V6 engines were introduced later in the year. The C 230, C 280, C 350 replaced the C 240 and C 320, the new-generation 6-cylinder engines developed substantially more power than the older version, by as much as 24% more, whilst also increasing fuel economy and reducing C02 emissions. The C 230, C 280 and C 350 developed 204 PS (150 kW; 201 hp), 231 PS (170 kW; 228 hp) and 272 PS (200 kW; 268 hp) respectively. The three-valve twin spark design was replaced by a four-valve design, now with variable valve timing. On the diesel side too, things were much improved, with a brand-new V6 3.0 litre CDI diesel. The new V6 diesel offered masses of more power compared to the C 270 CDI, by as much as 32% more, the CO2 emissions and fuel economy were also bettered, the output of this engine 224 PS (165 kW; 221 hp) and its torque of 510 N·m (380 lb·ft) made it the worlds most powerful diesel at the time.[citation needed] The C 220 CDI received a power increase from 143 PS (105 kW; 141 hp) to 150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) In addition, these engines also received the new seven-speed 7G-Tronic automatic transmission, a more economical naturally aspirated 1.8 L (C 160) was added to the Sportcoupé lineup.[12]
    The last W203 C-Class sedan was produced on December 14, 2006 at the Sindelfingen plant.
    However, the W203 Sportcoupé liftback will continue to be produced in Brazil beyond this date, since Mercedes-Benz does not foresee producing a W204 Sportcoupé. Indeed, it has decided to offer an updated W203-2 or CL203 Sportcoupé with a new restyled front end inspired by the W204 sedan [14] and an improved engine range parallel to the one of the W204. It was also spun off into its own separate line as the CLC-Class.[15]
  3. 22/2/11 lúc 21:20 #3
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